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Refuge Information: Located
in northeastern Alaska, the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is the most northern and one of the
largest Refuges within America's National Wildlife Refuge System. The Arctic Refuge is
managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Nature remains essentially undisturbed in this scenic, pristine land. The Arctic Refuge's
primary mandate: to protect the wildlife and habitats of this area for
the benefit of people now and in the future.
(This section contains General as well as Oil Development information.)
Wildlife: The Arctic Refuge contains an
impressive variety of arctic wildlife. Dominated by the rugged and majestic Brooks Range, the
Refuge is vast and remote - domain of the wandering Porcupine Caribou herd, packs of wolves,
hardy muskoxen, lone wolverines, flocks of snow geese, and other wilderness-dependent species.
The rich pageant of wildlife found within the Refuge includes more than 160 bird species, 36
kinds of land mammals, nine marine mammal species, and 36 types of fish.
Habitat: The Arctic Refuge is among the most
complete, pristine, and undisturbed ecosystems on earth. Here coastal lagoons, barrier islands,
arctic tundra, foothills, mountains, and boreal forests provide a combination of habitats, climate,
and geography unmatched by any other northern conservation area - conditions that support the
Refuge's diverse community of life.
People: The Arctic Refuge is a landscape like
those that shaped America's unique heritage and culture - a place of reflection, beauty, and
adventure. It's big and wild enough to make you feel like one of the old-time explorers - self-
reliant, independent, and free.
The Refuge is an inspiration to nature enthusiasts, and a home to local Inupiat Eskimo and
Gwich'in Indian communities. It is also a symbol, even for those who will never visit, of the link
between wilderness and wildlife, and the need for both, now and in the future.
Note: This is the www.linajake.com archive of the FWS Arctic National Wildlife Refuge website. In December, 2001 FWS took this website offline, making it unavailable to the public. It includes 90 plus pages of information and many maps. As of 2006 the important information contained in this, the original "unsanitized" version of the FWS website, has yet to return to the internet, so we will continue to maintain it here as a permanent archive to help inform activists and concerned citizens. If you find any broken links, please report them to me at [email protected] and I will attempt to make the repairs. January, 2008 update - A small part of the original information that was present in 2001 has made it back into the current ANWR website. There is also an archive that contains a small amount of the original information, but it is not readily available from the main website.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2001. Potential impacts of proposed oil and gas
development on the Arctic Refuge抯
coastal plain: Historical overview and
issues of concern. Web page of the Arctic National
17 January 2001. http://arctic.fws.gov/issues1.html
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